Africae publishes academic works in the human and social sciences on Africa that sheld light on political, economic and social dynamics in the past and present. Africae is the publisher's brand of the open access publications of the French Institute for Reserach in Africa (IFRA) in Nairobi, Kenya, in association with the French Institute of South Africa-Research Departement (IFAS-Research) in Johannesburg, South Africa, and the French Sudan Antiquities Service (SFDAS) in Khartoum, Sudan.